Oral magnesium load test in patients with migraine

Anita Trauninger, Zoltán Pfund, Tamás Koszegi, József Czopf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. - To determine whether migraineurs may have a systemic deficiency of magnesium. Background. - Magnesium deficiency has been shown to play a potential role in the pathogenesis of migraine, but there are no data on total body magnesium status in migraineurs. Methods. - An oral magnesium load test was performed by giving 3000 mg of magnesium lactate during a 24-hour interictal period to 20 patients with migraine (15 women and 5 men; mean age, 37.9 years) and 20 healthy volunteers (16 women and 4 men; mean age, 39.6 years). Baseline and postload magnesium concentrations were determined from serum and 24-hour urine specimens. Results. - There was no significant difference between the groups in the baseline serum and urine magnesium concentrations, although the latter tended to be lower (P=.064) in the migraine group. The postload magnesium concentrations were significantly higher within both the migraine (P<.0001 and P<.0001) and the control (P=.0009 and P<.0001) groups compared to the baseline values. After loading, the 24-hour urinary magnesium excretions were significantly lower (P=.0007) in the patients with migraine than in the controls, but serum values did not differ. Conclusions. - Magnesium retention occurs in patients with migraine after oral loading, suggesting a systemic magnesium deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-119
Number of pages6
JournalHeadache
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Magnesium deficiency
  • Migraine
  • Oral magnesium load test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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