The pharmacokinetic properties of deramciclane fumarate (EGIS-3886), a new potential anxiolitic agent, and its N-desmethyl metabolite have been investigated in Wistar rats after 10 mg kg-1 deramciclane fumarate was administered orally, intraperitoneally or intravenously. A highly sensitive, validated and optimized gas chromatographic method with nitrogen selective detection (GC-NPD) using a solid-phase extraction technique was used to determine plasma levels of the parent compound and its N-desmethyl metabolite. After oral administration the absorption of the parent compound was very fast (t(max) 0.5 h). The maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) was detected at 44.9, ≥177.8 and ≥2643.0 ng mL-1 after oral, intraperitoneal and intravenous administration of deramciclane, respectively. For the metabolite the respective C(max) values were 32.0, ≥25.4 and 51.0 ng mL-1. The pharmacokinetic curves of both the parent compound and its metabolite showed enterohepatic recirculation for all administration routes. The biological half-life (t(β 1/2 )) for deramciclane ranged from 3.42 to 5.44 h and for the N-desmethyl metabolite the range was 2.90-5.44 h, after administration of the drug by the three different routes. After intravenous administration AUC(0-∞) of deramciclane was 29.2- and 5.4-times higher than that observed after oral and intraperitoneal treatment, respectively. These AUC(0-∞) ratios were only 2.1- and 1.5-times higher for the metabolite. The absolute bioavailability of deramciclane in rats was 3.42% after oral and 18.49% after intraperitoneal administration. The comparative pharmacokinetic study of deramciclane in rat after the different administration routes showed fast absorption. Furthermore, plasma levels were found to be administration route-dependent, low bioavailability of the parent compound indicated an extremely fast and strong first-pass metabolism. The apparent volume of distribution suggested strong tissue binding after administration of the drug by any of the three routes studied.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science