Optimization of the electrothermal vaporization conditions for inductively coupled plasma excitation spectrometry: Selective volatilization versus covolatilization approaches

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Abstract

A new version of the outlet port of a graphite furnace electrothermal vaporizer (upward streaming system) is described, in which the hot sample vapour is mixed with an auxiliary carrier argon stream of ambient temperature. The operation procedures using carrier volatilization of organic liquids as gas phase additives are also outlined. The selective volatilization and transport efficiency for As, Cd, Hg, Pb, Sb, Se and Zn could be increased by applying sodium thiosulfate as chemical modifier to solution samples with controlled nitric acid content. On the other hand, a near simultaneous vaporization of 16 elements using chlorination with CCl4 vapour at 2100°C could be performed for a multielement analysis. By wetting the auxiliary carrier argon stream, the linearity of the analytical curves was improved (except for chromium), when applying multielement standards. Linear analytical curves could also be obtained in the presence of alkali and alkaline earth metal matrices in multielement standards using halocarbon assisted electrothermal vaporization sample introduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-614
Number of pages9
JournalFresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume355
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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