Optimization of a combined wet milling process in order to produce poly(vinyl alcohol) stabilized nanosuspension

Csaba Bartos, Orsolya Jójárt-Laczkovich, Gábor Katona, Mária Budai-Szűcs, Rita Ambrus, Alexandra Bocsik, Ilona Gróf, Mária Anna Deli, Piroska Szabó-Révész

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The article reports a wet milling process, where the planetary ball mill was combined with pearl milling technology to reach nanosize range of meloxicam (Mel; 100–500 nm). The main purpose was to increase the dissolution rate and extent of a poorly water-soluble Mel as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug as well as to study its permeability across cultured intestinal epithelial cell layers. Methods: Viscosity of milled dispersion and particle size distribution and zeta potential of Mel were investigated and differential scanning calorimeter and X-ray powder diffractometer were used to analyse the structure of the suspended Mel. Finally in vitro dissolution test and in vitro cell culture studies were made. Results: It was found that the ratio of predispersion and pearls 1:1 (w/w) resulted in the most effective grinding system (200-fold particle size reduction in one step) with optimized process parameters, 437 rpm and 43 min. Nanosuspension (1% Mel and 0.5% poly[vinyl alcohol]) as an intermediate product showed a stable system with 2 weeks of holding time. This optimized nanosuspension enhanced the penetration of Mel across cultured intestinal epithelial cell layers without toxic effects. Conclusion: The dissolution rate of Mel from the poly(vinyl alcohol) stabilized nanosuspension justified its applicability in the design of innovative per oral dosage form (capsule) in order to ensure/give a rapid analgesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1567-1580
Number of pages14
JournalDrug Design, Development and Therapy
Publication statusPublished - May 31 2018


  • Intermediate product
  • Meloxicam
  • Milled dispersion
  • Milling efficiency
  • Nanonization
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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