Optimal self-organization

Dirk Helbing, T. Vicsek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present computational and analytical results indicating that systems of driven entities with repulsive interactions tend to reach an optimal state associated with minimal interaction and minimal dissipation. Using concepts related to those from non-equilibrium thermodynamics as well as game theoretical ideas, we generalize this finding to an even wider class of self-organizing systems which have the ability to reach a state of maximal overall 'success'. This principle is expected to be relevant for driven systems in physics such as sheared granular media, but it is also applicable to biological, social and economic systems, for which only a limited number of quantitative principles are yet available.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 13 1999

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nonequilibrium thermodynamics
self organizing systems
games
economics
dissipation
interactions
physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Optimal self-organization. / Helbing, Dirk; Vicsek, T.

In: New Journal of Physics, Vol. 1, 13.08.1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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