Optimal sample size for species composition evaluation of leaf litter in mountain streambeds

P. Csontos, J. Tamás

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aquatic hyphomycetes or Ingoldian fungi are the major decomposers of leaf litter in temperate aquatic ecosystems. Role of leaf litter quality in structuring hyphomycete communities is intensively discussed among hydrobiologists. Therefore, an adequate sampling strategy of the leaf litter is essential in this field. The present paper aims analysing the appropriate sample size of leaf litter with various diversity and evenness combinations taken from streambeds in the temperate deciduous forest zone.Leaf litter in the streambed was sampled at four stream sections of two tributaries of the Morgó stream in the Börzsöny Mts, Hungary. The tributaries differed in water chemistry, altitude and riparian vegetation. To analyse species number-sample size relations, species saturation diagrams were drawn and statistically evaluated.Results showed that: (1) a sample size of 500 leaves sufficiently describes the species composition of leaf litter taken from streambeds in the temperate forest zone, in cases of low diversity forest stands and high diversity forest stands coupled with high evenness; and (2) for forest sites with high diversity coupled with low evenness values a litter sample composed by 800-1000 leaves is advised to investigate to achieve satisfactory estimation of the species composition of leaf litter.The sampling methods described in this paper are proposed for studies where estimation of leaf litter composition is required to understand the available substrate quality for litter decomposing organisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalActa Botanica Hungarica
Volume53
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011

Fingerprint

stream channels
leaf litter
plant litter
mountains
species diversity
mountain
sampling
Hyphomycetes
temperate forests
temperate forest
forest stands
tributary
litter
evaluation
riparian vegetation
hydrochemistry
deciduous forests
deciduous forest
Hungary
water chemistry

Keywords

  • freshwater ecology
  • leaf litter diversity
  • methodology
  • sample size
  • species saturation
  • temperate forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Optimal sample size for species composition evaluation of leaf litter in mountain streambeds. / Csontos, P.; Tamás, J.

In: Acta Botanica Hungarica, Vol. 53, No. 1-2, 01.03.2011, p. 79-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{58e87ac126dc4b0cba12462c7120082f,
title = "Optimal sample size for species composition evaluation of leaf litter in mountain streambeds",
abstract = "Aquatic hyphomycetes or Ingoldian fungi are the major decomposers of leaf litter in temperate aquatic ecosystems. Role of leaf litter quality in structuring hyphomycete communities is intensively discussed among hydrobiologists. Therefore, an adequate sampling strategy of the leaf litter is essential in this field. The present paper aims analysing the appropriate sample size of leaf litter with various diversity and evenness combinations taken from streambeds in the temperate deciduous forest zone.Leaf litter in the streambed was sampled at four stream sections of two tributaries of the Morg{\'o} stream in the B{\"o}rzs{\"o}ny Mts, Hungary. The tributaries differed in water chemistry, altitude and riparian vegetation. To analyse species number-sample size relations, species saturation diagrams were drawn and statistically evaluated.Results showed that: (1) a sample size of 500 leaves sufficiently describes the species composition of leaf litter taken from streambeds in the temperate forest zone, in cases of low diversity forest stands and high diversity forest stands coupled with high evenness; and (2) for forest sites with high diversity coupled with low evenness values a litter sample composed by 800-1000 leaves is advised to investigate to achieve satisfactory estimation of the species composition of leaf litter.The sampling methods described in this paper are proposed for studies where estimation of leaf litter composition is required to understand the available substrate quality for litter decomposing organisms.",
keywords = "freshwater ecology, leaf litter diversity, methodology, sample size, species saturation, temperate forest",
author = "P. Csontos and J. Tam{\'a}s",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1556/ABot.53.2011.1-2.7",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "79--88",
journal = "Acta Botanica Hungarica",
issn = "0236-6495",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimal sample size for species composition evaluation of leaf litter in mountain streambeds

AU - Csontos, P.

AU - Tamás, J.

PY - 2011/3/1

Y1 - 2011/3/1

N2 - Aquatic hyphomycetes or Ingoldian fungi are the major decomposers of leaf litter in temperate aquatic ecosystems. Role of leaf litter quality in structuring hyphomycete communities is intensively discussed among hydrobiologists. Therefore, an adequate sampling strategy of the leaf litter is essential in this field. The present paper aims analysing the appropriate sample size of leaf litter with various diversity and evenness combinations taken from streambeds in the temperate deciduous forest zone.Leaf litter in the streambed was sampled at four stream sections of two tributaries of the Morgó stream in the Börzsöny Mts, Hungary. The tributaries differed in water chemistry, altitude and riparian vegetation. To analyse species number-sample size relations, species saturation diagrams were drawn and statistically evaluated.Results showed that: (1) a sample size of 500 leaves sufficiently describes the species composition of leaf litter taken from streambeds in the temperate forest zone, in cases of low diversity forest stands and high diversity forest stands coupled with high evenness; and (2) for forest sites with high diversity coupled with low evenness values a litter sample composed by 800-1000 leaves is advised to investigate to achieve satisfactory estimation of the species composition of leaf litter.The sampling methods described in this paper are proposed for studies where estimation of leaf litter composition is required to understand the available substrate quality for litter decomposing organisms.

AB - Aquatic hyphomycetes or Ingoldian fungi are the major decomposers of leaf litter in temperate aquatic ecosystems. Role of leaf litter quality in structuring hyphomycete communities is intensively discussed among hydrobiologists. Therefore, an adequate sampling strategy of the leaf litter is essential in this field. The present paper aims analysing the appropriate sample size of leaf litter with various diversity and evenness combinations taken from streambeds in the temperate deciduous forest zone.Leaf litter in the streambed was sampled at four stream sections of two tributaries of the Morgó stream in the Börzsöny Mts, Hungary. The tributaries differed in water chemistry, altitude and riparian vegetation. To analyse species number-sample size relations, species saturation diagrams were drawn and statistically evaluated.Results showed that: (1) a sample size of 500 leaves sufficiently describes the species composition of leaf litter taken from streambeds in the temperate forest zone, in cases of low diversity forest stands and high diversity forest stands coupled with high evenness; and (2) for forest sites with high diversity coupled with low evenness values a litter sample composed by 800-1000 leaves is advised to investigate to achieve satisfactory estimation of the species composition of leaf litter.The sampling methods described in this paper are proposed for studies where estimation of leaf litter composition is required to understand the available substrate quality for litter decomposing organisms.

KW - freshwater ecology

KW - leaf litter diversity

KW - methodology

KW - sample size

KW - species saturation

KW - temperate forest

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79953868928&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79953868928&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1556/ABot.53.2011.1-2.7

DO - 10.1556/ABot.53.2011.1-2.7

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 79

EP - 88

JO - Acta Botanica Hungarica

JF - Acta Botanica Hungarica

SN - 0236-6495

IS - 1-2

ER -