Optimal distribution of phosphorus compounds in multi-layered natural fabric reinforced biocomposites

K. Bocz, B. Szolnoki, A. Farkas, E. Verret, D. Vadas, K. Decsov, G. Marosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Flame retardancy and mechanical performance of multi-layered biocomposites, consisting of polylactic acid (PLA) matrix films and plain-woven flax fabrics as reinforcement, were investigated. Full factorial design (32) was applied to evaluate the effects of the distribution of P and N containing compounds between the matrix and the fibrous carrier. Composition property correlations of the composite constituents (i.e. flax fabrics treated in aqueous solutions of diammonium phosphate and urea with differing ratio and concentrations and matrix films with 0 to 20 wt% ammonium polyphosphate based intumescent flame retardant content) were determined by thermogravimetric analyses and open flame tests. Positive interaction between the composite constituents was revealed for green composites consisting of various combinations of treated fabrics and intumescent PLA systems. The biocomposites flame retarded with a combined approach, i.e. with a balanced distribution of P containing additives between the phases, were found to gain improved mechanical performance and fire retardancy. It was confirmed by tensile testing and electron microscopy as well as by UL-94, limiting oxygen index and cone calorimeter tests. As a conclusion, interpretation is given for the optimum found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-618
Number of pages13
JournalExpress Polymer Letters
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Biocomposites
  • Biopolymers
  • Flame retardancy
  • Mechanical properties
  • Natural fibre reinforcement
  • Polylactic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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