Optical resolution methods

Elemér Fogassy, Mihály Nógrádi, Dávid Kozma, Gabriella Egri, Emese Pálovics, Violetta Kiss

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169 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the large number of elaborate enantioselective syntheses for the preparation of a single enantiomer to achieve industrial and scientific goals, the separation and purification of enantiomers (components of racemic compounds) is also necessary. Hence, we present the most often used thought-provoking modern methods based on momentous recognitions (e.g. spontaneous resolution, induced crystallization, resolution by formation of diastereomers, resolution by formation of non-covalent diastereomers, resolution by diastereomeric salt formation, resolution by diastereomeric complex formation, "half equivalent" methods of resolution, separation by crystallization, separation by distillation, separation by supercritical fluid extraction, resolution with mixtures of resolving agents, resolution with a derivative of the target compound, enantioselective chromatography, resolution by formation of covalent diastereomers, resolution by substrate selective reaction, kinetic resolution without enzymes, kinetic resolution by enzyme catalysis, hydrolytic and redox enzymes, kinetic and thermodynamic control, resolutions combined with 2nd order asymmetric transformations, enrichment of partially resolved mixtures, role of the solvent and methods of optimization in the separation of diastereoisomers, non-linear effects and selected examples of resolution on an industrial scale).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3011-3030
Number of pages20
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Aug 14 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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    Fogassy, E., Nógrádi, M., Kozma, D., Egri, G., Pálovics, E., & Kiss, V. (2006). Optical resolution methods. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 4(16), 3011-3030. https://doi.org/10.1039/b603058k