Optical properties of MgNb2O6 single crystals: A comparison with LiNbO3

C. Zaldo, M. J. Martin, C. Coya, K. Polgar, A. Peter, J. Paitz

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As-grown MgNb2O6 single crystals grown by the Czochralski method show a deep-blue colour due to the presence of broad optical absorption in the visible spectral region. The absorption of the samples is modified by thermal treatments in air and in vacuum. By heating in air the samples become transparent and by heating in a 1*10-2 mbar vacuum a complex and broad absorption is induced. An energy band gap of 5.25+or-0.15 eV has been determined. Oxidized samples have an absorption edge at 4.20 eV (at 15 K) but some pre-edge absorption is also present. This latter absorption and the associated photoluminescence emission with a maximum at 2.5 eV are attributed to interstitial Nb ions or Nb ions in Mg lattice sites. The optical absorptions induced by X-ray irradiation and vacuum reduction have been discussed in terms of the defects introduced. An absorption band at 2.30 eV induced by X-ray irradiation is attributed to holes trapped in oxygen (O--bound small polarons). The absorption band at 1.69 eV has been attributed to an electron trapped in Nb5+ ions (Nb4+ small polarons). Another absorption observed at 1.20 eV has been ascribed to a Mg-related electron trap centre. The possible presence of bipolaron centres and other electronic traps is discussed. A comparison with the optical absorption bands observed in LiNbO3 crystals has been established.

Original languageEnglish
Article number002
Pages (from-to)2249-2257
Number of pages9
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Zaldo, C., Martin, M. J., Coya, C., Polgar, K., Peter, A., & Paitz, J. (1995). Optical properties of MgNb2O6 single crystals: A comparison with LiNbO3. Unknown Journal, 7(11), 2249-2257. [002]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/7/11/002