Optical Emission Spectroscopic Study of the Synthesis of Titanium Boride Nanoparticles in RF Thermal Plasma Reactor

A. M. Keszler, P. Fazekas, E. Bódis, E. Drotár, Sz Klébert, M. Boselli, E. Ghedini, P. Sanibondi, Z. Károly, J. Szépvölgyi

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Abstract

Thermal plasma processes have been investigated by optical emission spectroscopy during the synthesis of TiBx nanoparticles from TiO2, B and C precursors using argon and helium both as plasma and sheath gases. Line-rich emission spectra were observed both in Ar–He–TiO2–B and Ar–He–TiO2–B–C cases. Emissions detected in the spectral region of 300–1000 nm were attributed to the electronic relaxation of excited Ti(I) and ionic fragments Ti(II), as well as the molecular species of TiO. The plasma temperature was calculated from the vibration–rotation temperature of the A–X electronic transition of TiO molecule by the least-squares fitting of experimental data to theoretical spectra. The temperatures at 100 mm downstream the torch outlet were found to be between 3800 and 2700 K for the Ar–He–TiO2–B system, and between 5100 and 4300 K for the Ar–He–TiO2–B–C system, respectively. The morphology of as-formed nanoparticles was characterized by transmission electron microscopy. Measurements of specific surface area, evaluated on the basis of Brunauer, Emmett and Teller equation, revealed that in all experimental setups titanium boride nanoparticles were formed with a mean particle size of 17–85 nm. On the basis of X-ray diffraction patterns, the solid reaction products were composed of TiB2, boron doped titanium indicated as Ti(B), Ti2O3, H3BO3 and TiC. The actual composition of products depended on the synthesis conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1491-1503
Number of pages13
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Nanoparticles
  • Optical emission spectroscopy
  • Thermal plasma synthesis
  • Titanium boride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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    Keszler, A. M., Fazekas, P., Bódis, E., Drotár, E., Klébert, S., Boselli, M., Ghedini, E., Sanibondi, P., Károly, Z., & Szépvölgyi, J. (2017). Optical Emission Spectroscopic Study of the Synthesis of Titanium Boride Nanoparticles in RF Thermal Plasma Reactor. Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, 37(6), 1491-1503. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11090-017-9836-4