Opposite roles of protein kinase C isoforms in proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and tumorigenicity of human HaCaT keratinocytes

H. Papp, G. Czifra, E. Bodó, J. Lázár, I. Kovács, M. Aleksza, I. Juhász, P. Ács, S. Sipka, L. Kovács, P. M. Blumberg, T. Bíró

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously shown that the protein kinase C (PKC) system plays a pivotal role in regulation of proliferation and differentiation of the human keratinocyte line HaCaT which is often used to assess processes of immortalization, transformation, and tumorigenesis in human skin. In this paper, using pharmacological and molecular biology approaches, we investigated the isoform-specific roles of certain PKC isoenzymes (conventional cPKCα and β; novel nPKCδ and ε) in the regulation of various keratinocyte functions. cPKCα and nPKCδ stimulated cellular differentiation and increased susceptibility of cells to actions of inducers of apoptosis, and they markedly inhibited cellular proliferation and tumor growth in immunodeficient mice. In marked contrast, cPKCβ and nPKCε increased both in vitro and in vivo growth of cells and inhibited differentiation and apoptosis. Our data present clear evidence for the specific, antagonistic roles of certain cPKC and nPKC isoforms in regulating the above processes in human HaCaT keratinocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1105
Number of pages11
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2004

Keywords

  • Differentiation
  • HaCaT
  • Human keratinocyte
  • Isoenzyme
  • Proliferation
  • Protein kinase C
  • Recombinant overexpression
  • Tumorigenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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