Ontogenesis of serotoninergic nuclei in the rat stem.

M. Petkö, E. Stunya

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The development of central serotoninergic neurons has been investigated with immunohistochemical techniques using the indirect peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method in 16-and 19-day-old rat embryos, in 1, 10 and 26 days old young and in adult animals. Immunoreactive neurons were present on embryonic day 16 in the subventricular area of the brain stem. First the countour of nucleus raphe dorsalis became distinct in the subventricular cell mass of the lower midbrain. In the ventral part of the tegmentum, cells were grouped along the midline in bilateral columns from which the nucleus centralis superior, the nucleus raphe pontis and the nuclei pontis differentiated. These nuclei were well defined in the newborn on either side of the midline, and the nucleus centralis superior and nucleus raphe pontis were fused on the midline in 10-day old rat. In the ventral part of the pons and medulla, a bilateral cell mass was also found along the midline. A number of immunoreactive cells moving off the midline constituted the nucleus raphe magnus which was formed on 19. embryonis day. Another contingent of immunoreactive cells remained at the midline and formed the nuclei raphe obscurus and pallidus. In newborn rat, these nuclei were well separated from the nucleus raphe magnus. They would later fuse on the midline, whereas the nucleus raphe magnus would remain a bilateral structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-148
Number of pages6
JournalFolia histochemica et cytobiologica / Polish Academy of Sciences, Polish Histochemical and Cytochemical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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