The case of a chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) starting in an unusual form in a young woman is reported. Rapidly progressing icterus was the first and leading symptom of the disease. Simultaneously with the exclusion of the possibility of hepatitis and extrahepatic obstruction of the bile duct the qualitative blood picture roused the suspicion of a myeloproliferative disease. Detailed hematological examinations confirmed Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1) negative CML. Besides the histologically diffuse leukemic infiltration intrahepatic cholostasis could be demonstrated in the background of the icterus. In the chronic and accelerated phase clinical symptoms developing as a consequence of hepatic organic manifestation were dominating. In the authors's case the moderate leukocytosis, initial thrombocytopenia, absence of splenomegaly, early blast-phase and short survival were atypical, characteristic of Ph1 negative CML. The diagnosis and the absence of other associated hepatopathies was supported also by the post-mortem examination. CML beginning with icteric symptoms due to intrahepatic cholostasis is considered as rarity in the literature.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 22 1989|
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