The evaluation of the effects of 1-year endocrine therapy (NET) was aimed at. A retrospective analysis of 42 cases with 46 stage II–III invasive, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancers was performed. One-year NET was planned with letrozole (n = 33, postmenopausal group), or with goserelin plus letrozole (n = 7) or with goserelin plus tamoxifen (n = 2) (premenopausal group). Surgery was performed in accordance with the initial stage and the response to therapy. With regard to the tumor remaining in the surgical specimen, risk groups were constructed: Group 1: stage 0, pathological complete regression (pCR); Group 2: stages IA-IIA; Group 3: stages ≥IIB + cases with clinical progression. Due to local progression, NET was replaced by neoadjuvant chemotherapy in three patients (four tumors). In two postmenopausal patients, letrozole was replaced by tamoxifen because of the insufficient treatment effect. In 19/42 cases, breast-conserving surgery was performed. Within Group 1, there was no cancer in four cases, while only DCIS remained in 2 (pCR: 13 %); Groups 2 and 3 comprised 25 and 15 cases, respectively. The likeliness of a good response (Groups 1 and 2 vs. Group 3) to NET was increased by 7 % for every 1 % increase of the expression of ER (OR = 1.070; 95 % CI: 1.007–1.138, p = 0.029). Progression-free survival differed according to treatment response (p = 0.001). The post-therapy Ki67 value of ≤15 % had only a marginal effect on survival. No other associations were detected between the tumor characteristics and the therapeutic response or survival. Long-duration NET is effective and safe in cases of hormone-sensitive breast cancer.
- Breast cancer
- Hormone sensitivity
- Neoadjuvant endocrine therapy
- Predictive factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cancer Research