On the structure of the Pannonian forest steppe: Grasslands on sand

G. Fekete, Zs Molnár, A. Kun, Z. Botta-Dukát

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)


The paper discusses the floristic and coenological structure of the Pannonian part of the Eurasian forest steppe biome. The vegetation of the sand landscapes of the Hungarian lowlands is examined where a climate gradient was detected with decreasing annual precipitation from NW to SE. For studying the effect of the gradient, sites in three different sand landscapes were selected. With increasing aridity, semidesert-like communities become dominant and the steppe grassland, Festucetum wagneri loses almost all of its steppe characteristic. Among the soil factors it is the organic matter content that explains the closed steppe-open grassland trend. The chorological analysis of the forest and steppe grassland species does not support - despite previous expectations - an opposite distributional trend for the two groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-150
Number of pages14
JournalActa Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002



  • Climate gradient
  • Forest and steppe flora gradient
  • Landscape mosaic
  • Raster vegetation map

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this