On the separation mechanism of capillary sodium dodecyl sulfate‐gel electrophoresis of proteins

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Abstract

Polyethylene oxide‐mediated capillary sodium dodecyl sulfate‐electrophoresis is a recently established, high‐resolution separation method for fast purity check and molecular mass assessment of protein molecules. The effects of the sieving polymer chain length and concentration on the separation mechanism of sodium dodecyl sulfate‐protein complexes were examined. The studies aimed to clarify whether the separation can be described by either the Ogston sieving theory, or the reptation or reptation‐with‐stretching theory. Polyethylene oxides with molecular masses of 100000, 300000 and 900000 Da were used as separation matrices at various concentrations ranging from 1–4%, 0.5–2% and 0.25–1%, respectively. The separation phenomena was examined using a standard protein test mixture containing six proteins in the molecular mass range of 14200–97400 Da. A possible separation mechanism of reptation with stretching is suggested, where separation performance was improved with increasing sieving polymer chain lengths and/or concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Polyethylene oxide
  • Separation mechanism
  • Sodium dodecyl sulfate‐protein complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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