On the mechanism of cogenotoxic action between ingested amphibole asbestos fibres and benzo[a]pyrene: I. Urinary and serum mutagenicity studies with rats

Csaba Varga, Géza Horváth, Zsuzsa Pocsai, Vernon Timbrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, there has been concern that ingested asbestos may cause an increase in cancer incidence in populations exposed to fibre-contaminated drinking water. Although animal experiments failed to demonstrate carcinogenicity of the oral asbestos exposure, the high adsorption capacity of the fibres creates the possibility of cocarcinogenic action with adsorbed organics. In a simple in vivo model we demonstrated earlier that UICC crocidolite and anthophyllite asbestos fibres were able to adsorb carcinogen molecules from aqueous solutions. When orally administered, these fibres increased the sister chromatid exchange frequency in bone marrow cells of rats. In the present study we tried to follow the desorption and metabolization processes of carcinogenic benzo[a]pyrene molecules transported by the ingested fibres using the highly sensitive Salmonella/Ames mutagenicity assay. The bacterial test was performed on concentrated serum and urine samples of the treated animals by using the TA98 and 100 strains in the presence and absence of liver microsomal and deconjugating enzymes. All sets of urine and serum samples failed to show mutagenic activity indicating a lack of both desorption in the serum and the ability of the liver to metabolize. Considering our results, the cytogenetic impact demonstrated earlier in the bone marrow can be explained by a local action of accumulated and transported carcinogen molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-169
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Letters
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 1998

Keywords

  • Benzo[a]pyrene
  • Cogenotoxicity
  • Crocidolite fibres
  • Ingested asbestos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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