On the formation of electroless amorphous layers. I. Phenomenological description of NiP deposited on Cu and Fe substrates

A. Szász, J. Kojnok, L. Kertész, Z. Hegedüs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The formation of amorphous NiP coating by electroless deposition on to copper and iron substrates has been followed by soft X-ray emission spectroscopy (SXES), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Three different stages of formation can be distinguished. The first period is nucleation in an essentially two-dimensional layer where the formation of nuclei depends on the number and properties of the active sites on the underlying substrate layer. There is a three-dimensional spherical growth in the second stage. The concentration of phosphorus increased in the interspherical area. A relatively slow two-dimensional growth is characteristic of the third stage giving rise to a bright outer surface of the coating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'On the formation of electroless amorphous layers. I. Phenomenological description of NiP deposited on Cu and Fe substrates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this