On the effects of processing conditions and interphase of modification on the fiber/matrix load transfer in single fiber polypropylene composites

F. Hoecker, J. Karger-Kocsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The scope of this study was the investigation of the effects of both processing conditions (in terms of thermo-mechanical history) and interphase modification (fiber sizing and/or matrix coupling) on the interfacial shear strength (τi.) of fiber reinforced isotactic polypropylene (iPP). Fiber/matrix load transfer efficiency was investigated by modified single fiber pullout and microdroplet pulloff test methods, respectively. It was established that r, of the neat microcomposite (unsized fiber/uncoupled matrix) is improved by quenching of the samples rather than by various spherulitic or transcrystalline supermolecular structures set under isothermal crystallization conditions. Enhanced interfacial shear strength for the quenched samples was attributed to a better wetting behaviour and a fine dispersion of the amorphous PP (aPP) fraction formed. An adhesion model was proposed based on which optimum τi is linked to both matrix strength and its wetting behaviour. It was demonstrated that the results from pullout and pulloff tests correlate very well with each other for the particular glass fiber/iPP model composite systems studied. It was shown further that matrix modification (coupling) or fiber sizing enhances r, practically to the same level, whereas a combination of matrix coupling and fiber sizing yields an even higher interfacial shear strength (synergistic effect).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-100
Number of pages20
JournalThe Journal of Adhesion
Volume52
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
polypropylene
composite materials
fibers
Fibers
sizing
shear strength
Composite materials
matrices
Processing
Shear strength
wetting
fiber pullout
Wetting
glass fibers
Crystallization
Glass fibers
adhesion
quenching
Large scale systems

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • composites
  • crystallization
  • glass fiber
  • interfacial shear strength
  • microdroplet pulloff test
  • morphology
  • polypropylene
  • single fiber pullout test
  • supermolecular structures
  • wetting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

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abstract = "The scope of this study was the investigation of the effects of both processing conditions (in terms of thermo-mechanical history) and interphase modification (fiber sizing and/or matrix coupling) on the interfacial shear strength (τi.) of fiber reinforced isotactic polypropylene (iPP). Fiber/matrix load transfer efficiency was investigated by modified single fiber pullout and microdroplet pulloff test methods, respectively. It was established that r, of the neat microcomposite (unsized fiber/uncoupled matrix) is improved by quenching of the samples rather than by various spherulitic or transcrystalline supermolecular structures set under isothermal crystallization conditions. Enhanced interfacial shear strength for the quenched samples was attributed to a better wetting behaviour and a fine dispersion of the amorphous PP (aPP) fraction formed. An adhesion model was proposed based on which optimum τi is linked to both matrix strength and its wetting behaviour. It was demonstrated that the results from pullout and pulloff tests correlate very well with each other for the particular glass fiber/iPP model composite systems studied. It was shown further that matrix modification (coupling) or fiber sizing enhances r, practically to the same level, whereas a combination of matrix coupling and fiber sizing yields an even higher interfacial shear strength (synergistic effect).",
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AU - Hoecker, F.

AU - Karger-Kocsis, J.

PY - 1995

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N2 - The scope of this study was the investigation of the effects of both processing conditions (in terms of thermo-mechanical history) and interphase modification (fiber sizing and/or matrix coupling) on the interfacial shear strength (τi.) of fiber reinforced isotactic polypropylene (iPP). Fiber/matrix load transfer efficiency was investigated by modified single fiber pullout and microdroplet pulloff test methods, respectively. It was established that r, of the neat microcomposite (unsized fiber/uncoupled matrix) is improved by quenching of the samples rather than by various spherulitic or transcrystalline supermolecular structures set under isothermal crystallization conditions. Enhanced interfacial shear strength for the quenched samples was attributed to a better wetting behaviour and a fine dispersion of the amorphous PP (aPP) fraction formed. An adhesion model was proposed based on which optimum τi is linked to both matrix strength and its wetting behaviour. It was demonstrated that the results from pullout and pulloff tests correlate very well with each other for the particular glass fiber/iPP model composite systems studied. It was shown further that matrix modification (coupling) or fiber sizing enhances r, practically to the same level, whereas a combination of matrix coupling and fiber sizing yields an even higher interfacial shear strength (synergistic effect).

AB - The scope of this study was the investigation of the effects of both processing conditions (in terms of thermo-mechanical history) and interphase modification (fiber sizing and/or matrix coupling) on the interfacial shear strength (τi.) of fiber reinforced isotactic polypropylene (iPP). Fiber/matrix load transfer efficiency was investigated by modified single fiber pullout and microdroplet pulloff test methods, respectively. It was established that r, of the neat microcomposite (unsized fiber/uncoupled matrix) is improved by quenching of the samples rather than by various spherulitic or transcrystalline supermolecular structures set under isothermal crystallization conditions. Enhanced interfacial shear strength for the quenched samples was attributed to a better wetting behaviour and a fine dispersion of the amorphous PP (aPP) fraction formed. An adhesion model was proposed based on which optimum τi is linked to both matrix strength and its wetting behaviour. It was demonstrated that the results from pullout and pulloff tests correlate very well with each other for the particular glass fiber/iPP model composite systems studied. It was shown further that matrix modification (coupling) or fiber sizing enhances r, practically to the same level, whereas a combination of matrix coupling and fiber sizing yields an even higher interfacial shear strength (synergistic effect).

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