On the correlation of bond order and bond length

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Abstract

The correlation between bond orders calculated from ab initio wave functions and bond length is investigated. Bond orders were obtained using Mayer's definition (Int. J. Quantum Chem. 29 (1986) 73, 477) at the transition structures and geometries along the minimum energy paths for a number of chemical reactions. The bond orders decrease exponentially with the increase of the bond length, R. We found that the formula Pauling proposed to define 'chemist's bond order', n = exp[-(R - R0)/b] (where R0 is the equilibrium bond length of a single bond) describes the correlation well. By fitting his equation to the data, the parameter b was found to be 0.373 ± 0.011, 0.378 ± 0.015 and 0.256 ± 0.025 A, for C-C, C-O, and C-H bonds, respectively. The goodness of the correlation supports the idea of using this formula when a bond order-bond length correlation is needed, like in the bond energy-bond order method. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-393
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM
Volume501-502
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2000

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Keywords

  • Ab initio wave functions
  • Bond length
  • Bond order

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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