### Abstract

The surface excess of the entropy at the liquid-vapour interface of argon and water are calculated in a broad temperature range in three different ways involving the computer simulation determination of the surface tension. The three methods include (i) the calculation of the analytical derivative of a suitably chosen function fitted to the surface tension vs. temperature data, (ii) calculation of the numerical derivative of these data, and (iii) direct determination of the surface entropy through the surface excess of the energy. Our results show that this latter method provides inaccurate results with large error bars, and the calculation of the surface entropy this way with reasonable accuracy would require unfeasibly long simulations. On the other hand, the use of the numerical and the analytical derivatives leads to compatible results that can be obtained in a computationally feasible way in both cases. Thus, the present results suggest that the surface entropy, determined as the derivative of the surface tension vs. temperature data, can be used to calculate the surface excess of the energy in a computationally efficient way.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 58-62 |

Number of pages | 5 |

Journal | Journal of Molecular Liquids |

Volume | 262 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jul 15 2018 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Computer simulation
- Liquid-vapour interface
- Surface entropy
- Surface tension

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Spectroscopy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry

### Cite this

*Journal of Molecular Liquids*,

*262*, 58-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.04.004

**On the calculation of the surface entropy in computer simulation.** / Sega, Marcello; Horvai, George; Jedlovszky, P.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Molecular Liquids*, vol. 262, pp. 58-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.04.004

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the calculation of the surface entropy in computer simulation

AU - Sega, Marcello

AU - Horvai, George

AU - Jedlovszky, P.

PY - 2018/7/15

Y1 - 2018/7/15

N2 - The surface excess of the entropy at the liquid-vapour interface of argon and water are calculated in a broad temperature range in three different ways involving the computer simulation determination of the surface tension. The three methods include (i) the calculation of the analytical derivative of a suitably chosen function fitted to the surface tension vs. temperature data, (ii) calculation of the numerical derivative of these data, and (iii) direct determination of the surface entropy through the surface excess of the energy. Our results show that this latter method provides inaccurate results with large error bars, and the calculation of the surface entropy this way with reasonable accuracy would require unfeasibly long simulations. On the other hand, the use of the numerical and the analytical derivatives leads to compatible results that can be obtained in a computationally feasible way in both cases. Thus, the present results suggest that the surface entropy, determined as the derivative of the surface tension vs. temperature data, can be used to calculate the surface excess of the energy in a computationally efficient way.

AB - The surface excess of the entropy at the liquid-vapour interface of argon and water are calculated in a broad temperature range in three different ways involving the computer simulation determination of the surface tension. The three methods include (i) the calculation of the analytical derivative of a suitably chosen function fitted to the surface tension vs. temperature data, (ii) calculation of the numerical derivative of these data, and (iii) direct determination of the surface entropy through the surface excess of the energy. Our results show that this latter method provides inaccurate results with large error bars, and the calculation of the surface entropy this way with reasonable accuracy would require unfeasibly long simulations. On the other hand, the use of the numerical and the analytical derivatives leads to compatible results that can be obtained in a computationally feasible way in both cases. Thus, the present results suggest that the surface entropy, determined as the derivative of the surface tension vs. temperature data, can be used to calculate the surface excess of the energy in a computationally efficient way.

KW - Computer simulation

KW - Liquid-vapour interface

KW - Surface entropy

KW - Surface tension

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046127796&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046127796&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.molliq.2018.04.004

DO - 10.1016/j.molliq.2018.04.004

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85046127796

VL - 262

SP - 58

EP - 62

JO - Journal of Molecular Liquids

JF - Journal of Molecular Liquids

SN - 0167-7322

ER -