Factors affecting the determination of the structural parameters of polydisperse particles of typical magnetic fluids (MFs) from small-angle neutron scattering data (SANS), including the possible anisotropy of the particle shape and the residual incoherent background, are analyzed. It is shown that the effect of particle anisotropy on scattering must be considered in combination with the influence of their polydispersity. The relative shift in the MF's structural parameters caused by particle anisotropy does not exceed 10-20% for particles with an anisotropy parameter which is less than four and becomes insignificant for more anisotropic particles. The main effect of the residual incoherent background of neutron scattering is related to determination of the thickness of the stabilizing shell and the generalized contrast parameter. It is shown that restrictions on the available maximum values of the scattering vector, measured in the experiment, lead to a relative shift in these parameters by up to 10%, while the other structural parameters (the average particle radius and the width of the size distribution) are determined with sufficiently high accuracy (the relative systematic error is 5% or less).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films