Oligomerization of 2-methylpropene was studied with two types of supported (on alumina and on silicon carbide) as well neat perfluorinated resinsulfonic acid catalysts. The heterogeneous reactions were carried out over the solid acid catalysts in a continuous flow reactor at temperatures between 85 and 170°C under atmospheric pressure. Under the studied conditions (85 to 105°C, 1 atm pressure, WHSV : 1-3 g/g · h) all catalysts studied are suitable for oligomerization of 2-methylpropene. Product distributions show regular temperature dependence: upon increasing temperature the molecular weight of oligomers decreases, with no difference in the selectivity of the catalysts. Transformation of 2,4,4-trimethyl-2-pentene in the liquid phase at room temperature shows surprising selectivity using either the hydrated or dehydrated forms of the resinsulfonic acids. In the case of the hydrated forms of the acids, only double bond isomerization takes place. With dehydrated acids oligomerization as well as isomerization occurs. Above 50°C the selectivity is lost.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry