Okadaic acid induces phosphorylation and translocation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 influencing myosin phosphorylation, stress fiber assembly and cell migration in HepG2 cells

Beáta Lontay, A. Kiss, P. Gergely, David J. Hartshorne, F. Erdődi

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Abstract

It was determined that the myosin phosphatase (MP) activity and content of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) were correlated in subcellular fractions of human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells. In control cells MYPT1 was localized in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, as determined by confocal microscopy. Treatment of HepG2 cells with 50 nM okadaic acid (OA), a cell-permeable phosphatase inhibitor, induced several changes: 1) a marked redistribution of MYPT1 to the plasma membrane associated with an increased level of phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr695. Both effects showed only a slight influence with the Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632; 2) an increase in phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr850 associated with its accumulation in the perinuclear region and nucleus. These effects were markedly reduced by Y-27632; 3) an increased phosphorylation of the 20 kDa myosin II light chain at Ser19 associated with an increased location of myosin II at the cell center. These effects were partially counteracted by Y-27632; 4) an increase in stress fiber formation and a decrease in cell migration, both OA-induced effects were blocked by Y-27632. In HepG2 lysates, OA (5-100 nM) did not affect MP activity but inhibited PP2A activity. These results indicate that OA induces differential phosphorylation and translocation of MYPT1, dependent on PP2A and, to varying extents, on ROK. These changes are associated with an increased level of myosin II phosphorylation and attenuation of hepatic cell migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1265-1275
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

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Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase
Okadaic Acid
Stress Fibers
Hep G2 Cells
Myosins
Cell Movement
Phosphorylation
Myosin Type II
rho-Associated Kinases
Myosin Light Chains
Subcellular Fractions
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Confocal Microscopy
Hepatocytes
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane

Keywords

  • Cell migration
  • Confocal microscopy
  • HepG2 cells
  • Myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT)
  • Okadaic acid
  • Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) and -2A (PP2A)
  • Rho-kinase (ROK)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Okadaic acid induces phosphorylation and translocation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 influencing myosin phosphorylation, stress fiber assembly and cell migration in HepG2 cells",
abstract = "It was determined that the myosin phosphatase (MP) activity and content of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) were correlated in subcellular fractions of human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells. In control cells MYPT1 was localized in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, as determined by confocal microscopy. Treatment of HepG2 cells with 50 nM okadaic acid (OA), a cell-permeable phosphatase inhibitor, induced several changes: 1) a marked redistribution of MYPT1 to the plasma membrane associated with an increased level of phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr695. Both effects showed only a slight influence with the Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632; 2) an increase in phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr850 associated with its accumulation in the perinuclear region and nucleus. These effects were markedly reduced by Y-27632; 3) an increased phosphorylation of the 20 kDa myosin II light chain at Ser19 associated with an increased location of myosin II at the cell center. These effects were partially counteracted by Y-27632; 4) an increase in stress fiber formation and a decrease in cell migration, both OA-induced effects were blocked by Y-27632. In HepG2 lysates, OA (5-100 nM) did not affect MP activity but inhibited PP2A activity. These results indicate that OA induces differential phosphorylation and translocation of MYPT1, dependent on PP2A and, to varying extents, on ROK. These changes are associated with an increased level of myosin II phosphorylation and attenuation of hepatic cell migration.",
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T1 - Okadaic acid induces phosphorylation and translocation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 influencing myosin phosphorylation, stress fiber assembly and cell migration in HepG2 cells

AU - Lontay, Beáta

AU - Kiss, A.

AU - Gergely, P.

AU - Hartshorne, David J.

AU - Erdődi, F.

PY - 2005/10

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N2 - It was determined that the myosin phosphatase (MP) activity and content of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) were correlated in subcellular fractions of human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells. In control cells MYPT1 was localized in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, as determined by confocal microscopy. Treatment of HepG2 cells with 50 nM okadaic acid (OA), a cell-permeable phosphatase inhibitor, induced several changes: 1) a marked redistribution of MYPT1 to the plasma membrane associated with an increased level of phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr695. Both effects showed only a slight influence with the Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632; 2) an increase in phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr850 associated with its accumulation in the perinuclear region and nucleus. These effects were markedly reduced by Y-27632; 3) an increased phosphorylation of the 20 kDa myosin II light chain at Ser19 associated with an increased location of myosin II at the cell center. These effects were partially counteracted by Y-27632; 4) an increase in stress fiber formation and a decrease in cell migration, both OA-induced effects were blocked by Y-27632. In HepG2 lysates, OA (5-100 nM) did not affect MP activity but inhibited PP2A activity. These results indicate that OA induces differential phosphorylation and translocation of MYPT1, dependent on PP2A and, to varying extents, on ROK. These changes are associated with an increased level of myosin II phosphorylation and attenuation of hepatic cell migration.

AB - It was determined that the myosin phosphatase (MP) activity and content of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) were correlated in subcellular fractions of human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells. In control cells MYPT1 was localized in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, as determined by confocal microscopy. Treatment of HepG2 cells with 50 nM okadaic acid (OA), a cell-permeable phosphatase inhibitor, induced several changes: 1) a marked redistribution of MYPT1 to the plasma membrane associated with an increased level of phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr695. Both effects showed only a slight influence with the Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632; 2) an increase in phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr850 associated with its accumulation in the perinuclear region and nucleus. These effects were markedly reduced by Y-27632; 3) an increased phosphorylation of the 20 kDa myosin II light chain at Ser19 associated with an increased location of myosin II at the cell center. These effects were partially counteracted by Y-27632; 4) an increase in stress fiber formation and a decrease in cell migration, both OA-induced effects were blocked by Y-27632. In HepG2 lysates, OA (5-100 nM) did not affect MP activity but inhibited PP2A activity. These results indicate that OA induces differential phosphorylation and translocation of MYPT1, dependent on PP2A and, to varying extents, on ROK. These changes are associated with an increased level of myosin II phosphorylation and attenuation of hepatic cell migration.

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