Occurrence of neonicotinoids in guttation liquid of maize–soil mobility and cross-contamination

Mária Mörtl, Béla Darvas, Ágnes Vehovszky, János Győri, András Székács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Movement of clothianidin (CLO) and thiamethoxam (TMX) applied as maize seed dressing or pre-emergence spray application was determined in different soil types. Uptake of these neonicotinoids in plants emerging from coated or non-coated seeds was characterised via guttation liquid measurements. Applied in spray at a recommended dosage of 16.5 µmol/L, TMX and CLO occurred in the guttation liquid at peak concentrations of 1.82 and 1.63 mg/L, respectively, in plants in sandy soil and at 20–40% lower levels in plants in clay or loam soils. Peak emergence was substantially higher (above 100 mg/L) in the guttation liquid of plants emerging from neonicotinoid-coated seeds at dosages of 4.87 and 2.07 µmol per seed for CLO and TMX, respectively, strongly influenced by soil type. CLO and TMX levels in plants emerging from non-coated seeds in the proximity of neonicotinoid-coated seeds were demonstrated: cross-contamination may occur by uptake through soil from neighbouring plants. CLO appeared in the guttation liquid of plants emerging from non-coated seeds in proximity to coated ones at a peak concentration (approximately 53 mg/L) in 15 days corresponding to one-fifth of the levels in plants emerging from CLO-coated seeds; CLO concentrations gradually decreased to the same levels (6.6 ± 0.3 mg/L) after 24 days. A similar trend was observed for non-coated seeds near TMX-coated ones, with a gradual increase of TMX in 17–18 days, the levels in the guttation liquid of plants emerged from non-coated seeds (approximately 123 mg/L) corresponding to two-thirds of the levels in plants emerging from TMX-coated seeds. TMX concentrations dropped to the same levels in plants emerging from non-coated and coated seeds by day 20, and CLO occurred as a metabolite. To our knowledge, this is the first scientific record of neonicotinoid levels in guttation liquid of plants emerged from non-coated maize seeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)868-884
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Volume97
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2017

Keywords

  • Clothianidin
  • cross-contamination
  • guttation liquid
  • neonicotinoid
  • seed coating
  • soil
  • spray application
  • thiamethoxam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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