In their retrospective survey, the authors analyzed the prevalence, age and sex distribution of canine cardiological diseases in Hungary between 1997-2000, based on the examination results, performed at the Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, University of Veterinary Science. The breed prevalence and sex data were calculated by comparing the data of the cardiological cases to the data of the university's dog population (42 191 dogs) during the same time period. In order to check whether the university dog population was a good indicator of Hungary's breed composition, the Budapest rabies control list of the year 2000 was also compared to the university's data. The incidence of heart disease in the examined dog population was 4,4% (1085 dogs). The most common acquired disorders were endocardosis of the atrioventricular valves (61%) and dilated cardiomyopathy (23%), followed by primer arrhythmia (arrhythmia of unknown cause, 10%) and haemopericardium (4,7%). The incidence of congenital heart defect was 0,34% in the population; stenoses of the aorta and of the main pulmonary artery being the most common congenital diseases (42%, 16%, respectively), followed by tricuspid valve dysplasia (15%) and patent ductus arteriosus (11%). Although, the breed predisposition was similar to formerly published survey data from other countries, some notable differences were also observed. English setters were found to have the highest risk to develop cardiac disorders during this study, which fact was not expected from earlier literature data. In contrast, some smaller breeds (eg. yorkshire and west highland white terriers) and rottweilers were in much better position than in other countries. The risk of congenital heart disease was the highest among the boxers in the examined time period in Hungary due to the high prevalence of aortic and pulmonic stenosis in the breed. Age and sex distribution of the disease groups did not differ significantly from the earlier published international data.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2003|
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