Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene and lung cancer risk (Europe)

Ghislaine Scélo, Vali Constantinescu, Irma Csiki, David Zaridze, Neonila Szeszenia-Dabrowska, P. Rudnai, Jolanta Lissowska, Eleonóra Fabiánová, Adrian Cassidy, Alena Slamova, Lenka Foretova, Vladimir Janout, Joelle Fevotte, Tony Fletcher, Andrea t. Mannetje, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several industry-based cohort studies have addressed the risk of lung cancer following exposure to vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene, with inconsistent results and usually without smoking adjustment. These exposures are addressed here in a large case-control study with full adjustment for smoking. Almost 6000 subjects were included in a case-control study conducted in seven European countries. For each job they held, local experts assessed the exposure to a number of occupational agents, including vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene, on the basis of detailed occupational questionnaires. Information on tobacco consumption and other risk factors was also collected. The odds ratio (OR) for ever exposure to vinyl chloride was 1.05 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.68-1.62) and a modest, non-significant increase in the risk of lung cancer was found in the highest exposed subgroup. The OR for ever exposure to acrylonitrile was 2.20 (95% CI: 1.11-4.36) with a positive dose-response relationship between estimated cumulative exposure and lung cancer risk. No association between exposure to styrene and lung cancer risk was found. In conclusion, we cannot exclude a weak association between occupational exposure to vinyl chloride and lung cancer risk. Exposure to acrylonitrile was associated in our study with risk of lung cancer. Exposure to styrene does not seem to increase lung cancer risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-452
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

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Acrylonitrile
Vinyl Chloride
Styrene
Occupational Exposure
Lung Neoplasms
Case-Control Studies
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Social Adjustment
Tobacco Use
Industry
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • acrylonitrile
  • lung neoplasms
  • occupational exposure
  • styrene
  • vinyl chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Scélo, G., Constantinescu, V., Csiki, I., Zaridze, D., Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N., Rudnai, P., ... Boffetta, P. (2004). Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene and lung cancer risk (Europe). Cancer Causes and Control, 15(5), 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CACO.0000036444.11655.be

Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene and lung cancer risk (Europe). / Scélo, Ghislaine; Constantinescu, Vali; Csiki, Irma; Zaridze, David; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, Neonila; Rudnai, P.; Lissowska, Jolanta; Fabiánová, Eleonóra; Cassidy, Adrian; Slamova, Alena; Foretova, Lenka; Janout, Vladimir; Fevotte, Joelle; Fletcher, Tony; Mannetje, Andrea t.; Brennan, Paul; Boffetta, Paolo.

In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 15, No. 5, 06.2004, p. 445-452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scélo, G, Constantinescu, V, Csiki, I, Zaridze, D, Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N, Rudnai, P, Lissowska, J, Fabiánová, E, Cassidy, A, Slamova, A, Foretova, L, Janout, V, Fevotte, J, Fletcher, T, Mannetje, AT, Brennan, P & Boffetta, P 2004, 'Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene and lung cancer risk (Europe)', Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CACO.0000036444.11655.be
Scélo, Ghislaine ; Constantinescu, Vali ; Csiki, Irma ; Zaridze, David ; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, Neonila ; Rudnai, P. ; Lissowska, Jolanta ; Fabiánová, Eleonóra ; Cassidy, Adrian ; Slamova, Alena ; Foretova, Lenka ; Janout, Vladimir ; Fevotte, Joelle ; Fletcher, Tony ; Mannetje, Andrea t. ; Brennan, Paul ; Boffetta, Paolo. / Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile and styrene and lung cancer risk (Europe). In: Cancer Causes and Control. 2004 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 445-452.
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