Obstetric and psychosocial risk factors for depressive symptoms during pregnancy

Robert B. Dudas, Sarolta Csatordai, Iván Devosa, Annamária Töreki, Bálint Andó, Katalin Barabás, Attila Pál, Zoltan Kozinszky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


We aimed to determine the psychosocial and obstetric correlates of depressive symptomatology during pregnancy in South-Eastern Hungary. A total of 1719 women were screened for depression in four counties in 2006 and 2007, based on a Leverton Questionnaire (LQ) score of ≥12 at 14-24 weeks of gestation. The LQ scores indicated a probable depressive illness (PDI) in 17.2% of the study group. The best predictors in a multiple regression analysis were history of major depression (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=3.23), and major life events (AOR=2.43). A perceived lack of social support from partner (AOR=1.79) and lack of support by family (AOR=1.23) were also significant determinants. Lack of planning of pregnancy (AOR=1.12) and a history of unfavourable obstetric outcome (AOR=1.42) also seem to predispose to PDI. Overall, psychosocial factors appeared important in the prediction of PDI, whereas economic features did not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-328
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry research
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 30 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Community sample
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Leverton questionnaire
  • Pregnancy
  • South-Eastern Hungary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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  • Cite this

    Dudas, R. B., Csatordai, S., Devosa, I., Töreki, A., Andó, B., Barabás, K., Pál, A., & Kozinszky, Z. (2012). Obstetric and psychosocial risk factors for depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Psychiatry research, 200(2-3), 323-328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.04.017