We compare the observed strong saturation of the free-carrier absorption in n -type semiconductors at 300 K in the terahertz (THz) frequency range when single-cycle pulses with intensities up to 150 MW/ cm2 are used. In the case of germanium, a small increase in the absorption occurs at intermediate THz pulse energies. The recovery of the free-carrier absorption was monitored by time-resolved THz pump-THz probe measurements. At short probe delay times, the frequency response of germanium cannot be fitted by the Drude model. We attribute these unique phenomena of Ge to dynamical overpopulation of the high mobility Γ conduction-band valley.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 4 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics