In the first operational campaign of the Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) stellarator we observed Marfe-like radiation belts at the plasma edge. We describe and analyze the behaviour of these radiation belts, especially with respect to the high density inside the belt, with a set of suitable diagnostics. We present evidence suggesting that these Marfe-like radiation belts are triggered by a drop of the edge temperature below 30 eV. From this observation we draw the conclusion that the physical cause of Marfes in tokamaks and Marfe-like radiation belts in W7-X is the same, namely radiative condensation. Furthermore, both exhibit the device symmetry, i.e. axisymmetry in a tokamak and the fivefold stellarator symmetry in W7-X.
- radiative condensation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics