In this paper I present 100 neolithic figurines (97 female and 3 male) made of ivory, mammuth bone, calc and other substances. The sculptures found on great territories of Eurasia, from Pirenees to Lake Baikal and the river Amur. More than half (57.3%) of the idols show various types of female obesity. However, they are named ironically "Venuses". The figurines are described and speculation underlying the reason for these construction and uses are presented.
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