Obesity abrogates the concentration-dependent effect of leptin on endogenous cholesterol synthesis in human monocytes

Zoltán Balogh, Gabriella Fóris, Gabriella Kónya, György Paragh, Tamás Köbling, János T. Padra, Zsolt Sarang, György Paragh

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Leptin the cytokine-like hormone is involved not only in local inflammations, but it regulates cholesterol biosynthesis in human monocytes. Since, monocyte-membrane composition in obesity shows considerable difference from control cells, our aim was to elucidate the concentration dependence of the effect of leptin in OW monocytes, and the downstream signaling of high and low leptin concentrations. Control and OW monocytes were stimulated with leptin in the presence or absence of different inhibitors. Our results are as follows: a concentration-dependent biphasic effect could only be detected in control monocytes whereas in OW cells only elevated cholesterol synthesis was found. The signal pathway of 50ng/mL leptin stimulation involves Ca2+ signal, activation of PI3K, MAPK and HMG CoA reductase. In the 500ng/mL leptin-stimulated control monocytes the suppression of cholesterol synthesis was dependent on the Ca2+ signal, the H-7 sensitive cPKC and PI3K activation, whereas in OW monocytes only PI3K was involved in increased cholesterol synthesis. We conclude that leptin-signaling in OW monocytes is characterized by Ca2+ influx, abrogation of H-7 sensitive cPKC activation, and by PI3K mediated PKC activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011



  • Cholesterol synthesis
  • Human monocytes
  • Leptin stimulation
  • Overweight
  • Proteinkinase isoforms
  • Signal pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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