Nutrition status of adult patients with cystic fibrosis

Tímea Tóth, Erzsébet Mák, Szilvia Molnár, Magdolna Sinka, Fruzsina Tóth, I. Szabolcs, Katalin Tátrai-Németh, István Barcs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction. The number of adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) is gradually increasing. The nutritional status has an important role in the progression of the disease. Aim. To investigate the malnutrition risk and the nutritional status of adults with CF, and to analyse the obtained data according to gender, transplantation, dominantly affected system organ class, comorbidity, bacterial infection and sports habits. Material and methods. The nutritional status was assessed by a bioelectrical impedance machine, and the malnutrition risk screening was measured by NRS2002. Results. Forty-four patients participated (20 males, 24 females). Mean BMI in males was significantly higher compared with females (p = 0.01). The mean muscle percentage of patients doing sport regularly was significantly higher than those who do not do sport (p = 0.0126). Between mean body fat percentages there was no significant difference. There was no significant difference in mean BMI and body fat percentage between patients with and without transplantation, patients who live with one dominantly affected system organ class and patients who live with more dominantly affected system organ classes, patients who have concomitant illness and patients who do not, or patients who have one concomitant illness and patients who have more concomitant illnesses. Moreover, there was no significant difference in mean BMI and body fat percentage between patients who suffer from a bacterial infection and who do not, or patients who suffer from one bacterial infection and patients who have several bacterial infections. The majority of those patients who participated in the malnutrition risk screening were malnourished (77.3%). Conclusions. The research can prove high prevalence of malnutrition among adult patients with CF, which needs nutrition intervention to recover from.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-66
Number of pages4
JournalNew Medicine
Volume2014-January
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Nutritional Status
Cystic Fibrosis
Bacterial Infections
Malnutrition
Sports
Adipose Tissue
Transplantation
Electric Impedance
Habits
Disease Progression
Comorbidity

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Mucoviscidosis
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Tóth, T., Mák, E., Molnár, S., Sinka, M., Tóth, F., Szabolcs, I., ... Barcs, I. (2014). Nutrition status of adult patients with cystic fibrosis. New Medicine, 2014-January(2), 63-66.

Nutrition status of adult patients with cystic fibrosis. / Tóth, Tímea; Mák, Erzsébet; Molnár, Szilvia; Sinka, Magdolna; Tóth, Fruzsina; Szabolcs, I.; Tátrai-Németh, Katalin; Barcs, István.

In: New Medicine, Vol. 2014-January, No. 2, 2014, p. 63-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tóth, T, Mák, E, Molnár, S, Sinka, M, Tóth, F, Szabolcs, I, Tátrai-Németh, K & Barcs, I 2014, 'Nutrition status of adult patients with cystic fibrosis', New Medicine, vol. 2014-January, no. 2, pp. 63-66.
Tóth T, Mák E, Molnár S, Sinka M, Tóth F, Szabolcs I et al. Nutrition status of adult patients with cystic fibrosis. New Medicine. 2014;2014-January(2):63-66.
Tóth, Tímea ; Mák, Erzsébet ; Molnár, Szilvia ; Sinka, Magdolna ; Tóth, Fruzsina ; Szabolcs, I. ; Tátrai-Németh, Katalin ; Barcs, István. / Nutrition status of adult patients with cystic fibrosis. In: New Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 2014-January, No. 2. pp. 63-66.
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