Nutrition of winter wheat during the life cycle. I. Yield and accumulation of dry matter and minerals

A. Bérczi, Zoltan Olah, L. Erdei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mineral uptake by winter wheat (Trilicum aestivum L. cv. Martonvasari 8) was studied throughout the life cycle. Accumulation of macronutrients (i.e. total nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium and calcium) and the water content of roots and shoots of plants grown in complete nutrient solution were higher than those of plants grown in two types of soils. The supply of macronutrients was in some cases limiting for soil‐grown plants as revealed by a comparison of available and accumulated amounts of these nutrients. Their supply was abundant, however, for solution‐grown plants. This led to a doubling of grain yield for the latter plants with a three fold increase in accumulation of dry matter and a five‐fold increase in fresh weight. The efficiency ratios of solution‐grown plants to soil‐grown plants were approximately 1 for N and Na, 0.5 for Mg and Ca, and 0.3 for P and K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

Fingerprint

Life Cycle Stages
dry matter accumulation
Triticum
Minerals
winter wheat
life cycle (organisms)
nutrition
minerals
Plant Shoots
Plant Roots
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Potassium
Nitrogen
Soil
nutrient solutions
Sodium
soil types
magnesium
Calcium

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • magnesium
  • nitrogen
  • phosphorus
  • potassium
  • root
  • shoot
  • sodium
  • soil‐grown plants
  • solution‐grown plants
  • water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Nutrition of winter wheat during the life cycle. I. Yield and accumulation of dry matter and minerals. / Bérczi, A.; Olah, Zoltan; Erdei, L.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 58, No. 1, 1983, p. 124-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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