Nutrition, life-style practice, serum vitamin D concentration and bone density in Hungarian adolescents

M. Antal, A. Regöly-Mérei, L. Biró, K. Nagy, J. Fülöp, E. Beretvás, E. Gyömörei, O. Kis, A. Vámos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the nutritional status, life-style practices, serum vitamin D and bone density of adolescents. A total of 326 adolescents, aged between 11 and 14 years, were involved in the present examination: after winter 110 boys and 97 girls (March 2002 and February 2003), and after summer 66 boys and 53 girls (October 2002 and 2003) were investigated. Energy and nutrient intake and life-style practices were assessed. Body mass and height were measured, body mass index was calculated. Serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was determined. Bone mineral density of calcaneus was measured. Protein intake was higher than the Hungarian RDA. All of the students had vitamin D intake far below the RDA, 33.3% of boys and 43.2% of girls had Ca intake below 70% of RDA, and sodium intake was more than twice higher than the RDA. After winter, 2% of boys and 8% of girls were considered vitamin D deficient and 11% and 19% vitamin D insufficient, respectively. After summer, 24% of boys and 21% of girls had 25(OH)D level over the reference range. The mineral content of bone was insufficient in 12.9% of boys and 10.4% of girls, respectively. The majority of the students had physical activity only in school, incorporated in the timetable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalActa Alimentaria
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 24 2006

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Bone mineral density
  • Life-style
  • Nutritional status
  • Serum 25(OH)D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nutrition, life-style practice, serum vitamin D concentration and bone density in Hungarian adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Antal, M., Regöly-Mérei, A., Biró, L., Nagy, K., Fülöp, J., Beretvás, E., Gyömörei, E., Kis, O., & Vámos, A. (2006). Nutrition, life-style practice, serum vitamin D concentration and bone density in Hungarian adolescents. Acta Alimentaria, 35(1), 53-61. https://doi.org/10.1556/AAlim.35.2006.1.7