Nutrient balances for Danube countries: A strategic analysis

L. Somlyódy, P. H. Brunner, H. Kroiß

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Issues of nutrient management were studied in ten countries of the Danube Basin in the frame of the Danube Environment Programme. Comprehensive data collection covered socio-economic and natural factors influencing nutrient balances, water quality of the Danube and its tributaries, and major features of wastewater management for municipalities. The innovative methodology of materials accounting was applied to develop nutrient balances for the countries involved and the Danube Basin, and to get insight on causes, temporal changes of stocks and early recognition. The approach was cross-checked against loads estimated from ambient water quality observations. Main dilemmas of water quality management (local problems, and the regional eutrophication of the Danube Delta and the Black Sea) were identified and options of load reductions were evaluated. Agriculture pollution of mostly non-point source origin was found as the key of developing an integrated emission reduction policy for the Basin. Municipal wastewater management strategies were studied in detail. Recommendations were given on strategy development, monitoring, research and improved international cooperation in the Danube/Black Sea Basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Nutrients
Water quality
Wastewater
basin
Eutrophication
International cooperation
Quality management
water quality
wastewater
Agriculture
international cooperation
Pollution
development strategy
eutrophication
tributary
Economics
Monitoring
agriculture
pollution
methodology

Keywords

  • Black Sea
  • Danube
  • Eutrophication
  • Large river basin management
  • Materials accounting
  • Nutrients
  • Wastewater management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Nutrient balances for Danube countries : A strategic analysis. / Somlyódy, L.; Brunner, P. H.; Kroiß, H.

In: Water Science and Technology, Vol. 40, No. 10, 1999, p. 9-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Somlyódy, L. ; Brunner, P. H. ; Kroiß, H. / Nutrient balances for Danube countries : A strategic analysis. In: Water Science and Technology. 1999 ; Vol. 40, No. 10. pp. 9-16.
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