Number and morphology of mechanoreceptors in the myotendinous junction of paralysed human muscle

Laszlo Jozsa, Pekka Kannus, Tero A.H. Järvinen, Jozsef Balint, Markku Järvinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanoreceptor system of the myotendinous junction (MTJ) of human palmaris longus muscle obtained at autopsy was studied histologically from six patients with flaccid paralysis (complete acute tetraplegia 4-6 weeks before the autopsy, due to a spinal cord injury), eight patients with spastic paralysis (chronic hemiplegia due to cerebral stroke) and ten neurologically normal controls. Four types of nerve endings, Ruffini and Pacini corpuscles, Golgi tendon organs, and free nerve endings, could be identified in the MTJs of the controls. In tile MTJs of the patients with flaccid and spastic paralysis, the free nerve endings mere not present and the mechanoreceptors that mere found were few in number, degenerated, fibrotic, and atrophic. These mechanoreceptors had lost their connection with the muscle fibres and tendon bundles and were frequently located within pathological accumulations of fatty tissue in the myotendinous region. The number and distribution of mechanoreceptors in the MTJ were almost identical in patients with flaccid and spastic paralysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-200
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pathology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 20 1996



  • Atrophy
  • Cerebral stroke
  • Human
  • Mechanoreceptors
  • Myotendinous junction
  • Nerve endings
  • Spinal cord paralysis
  • Tendon organ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this