Thermal stability and internal dynamics of myosin heads in fiber bundles from rabbit psoas muscle has been studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Using ADP, ATP and orthovanadate (Vi), three intermediate states of the ATP hydrolysis cycle were simulated in glycerinated muscle fibers. DSC transitions contained three overlapping endotherms in each state. Deconvolution showed that the transition temperature of 58.4 °C was almost independent of the intermediate state of myosin, while nucleotide binding shifted the melting temperatures of 54.0 and 62.3 °C, and changed the enthalpies. These changes suggest global rearrangements of the internal structure in myosin head. In the presence of ADP and ADP plus Vi, the conventional EPR spectra showed changes in the ordering of the probe molecules, suggesting local conformational and motional changes in the internal structure of myosin heads. Saturation transfer EPR measurements reported increased rotational mobility of spin labels in the presence of ATP plus orthovanadate corresponding to a weakly binding state of myosin to actin.
- Thermal unfolding
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