Nuclear physics and applications at Budapest Neutron Centre

G. Molnár, T. Belgya, I. Diószegi, B. Fazekas, Zs Révay, A. Veres, L. Dabolczi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

After major reconstruction and upgrading the 10 MW nuclear research reactor at KFKI Budapest was opened to users on 22 November 1993. Based on the research reactor, the new Budapest Neutron Centre (BNC) is intended to become a national and international centre for neutron-based research in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology and engineering. Thermal neutron fluxes averaging over 1014 n cm-2 s-1 in the core and 2×109 n cm-2 s-1 at the exterior of radial beam ports, as well as the neutron guide system and planned cold neutron source will provide unique possibilities also for nuclear physics and applications. The nuclear physics research program will focus on neutron capture physics, with special emphasis on measurements of nuclear level lifetimes using novel fast γnγγ(t) coincidence and Doppler-shift timing techniques. The (n, γ) station and the Compton suppression/pair spectrometer will alternatively be used for neutron-capture promt-gamma activation analysis (PGAA). Joint development of an ultra-fast rabbit tube system for activation analysis on very short-lived nuclides is also envisaged. For nuclear astrophysics, s-process capture cross-section measurements are planned using a filtered beam, to be constructed at one of the radial beam ports. A fundamental physics programme, such as tests of fundamental symmetries with polarized neutrons, as well as activities in nuclear solid state physics are also envisaged as soon as a polarized neutron guide becomes available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-333
Number of pages5
JournalActa Physica Hungarica
Volume75
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1994

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nuclear physics
neutrons
activation analysis
physics
reactors
nuclear astrophysics
nuclear research
cold neutrons
solid state physics
upgrading
rabbits
neutron sources
nuclides
flux (rate)
thermal neutrons
biology
absorption cross sections
stations
time measurement
retarding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Molnár, G., Belgya, T., Diószegi, I., Fazekas, B., Révay, Z., Veres, A., & Dabolczi, L. (1994). Nuclear physics and applications at Budapest Neutron Centre. Acta Physica Hungarica, 75(1-4), 329-333. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03156598

Nuclear physics and applications at Budapest Neutron Centre. / Molnár, G.; Belgya, T.; Diószegi, I.; Fazekas, B.; Révay, Zs; Veres, A.; Dabolczi, L.

In: Acta Physica Hungarica, Vol. 75, No. 1-4, 12.1994, p. 329-333.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Molnár, G, Belgya, T, Diószegi, I, Fazekas, B, Révay, Z, Veres, A & Dabolczi, L 1994, 'Nuclear physics and applications at Budapest Neutron Centre', Acta Physica Hungarica, vol. 75, no. 1-4, pp. 329-333. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03156598
Molnár, G. ; Belgya, T. ; Diószegi, I. ; Fazekas, B. ; Révay, Zs ; Veres, A. ; Dabolczi, L. / Nuclear physics and applications at Budapest Neutron Centre. In: Acta Physica Hungarica. 1994 ; Vol. 75, No. 1-4. pp. 329-333.
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