Novel method for the determination of process safety time

T. Varga, J. Abonyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nowadays process safety is a key issue at the design and operation of a production process. Unfortunately, at the application of process hazard analysis (PHA) techniques the time aspect of operation and the dynamical behaviour of the process are neglected. This is due to the small number of easily available tools which can be applied to perform dynamical process simulation and dynamical analysis. However, in recent times dynamical models are increasingly applied to support the solution of any tasks related to process safety. Another problem that makes it difficult to take into account time, is the lack of a standardized concept and evaluation system to integrate the obtained information into the design procedure of safety integrated system (SIS). The aim of this article is to investigate the role of time in the design of process safety elements (PSEs), and to define the connection between the process and the time by using the process safety time (PST) term, as well as to give a methodology how PST can be designed based on the process simulator and applied in the development of PSEs. The developed methodology is based on dynamical analysis of the system and the possible safety actions. Based on this methodology, an algorithm has been developed to detect unsafe situations and to determine the necessary safety actions that can be used to avoid the undesired states of operation. The algorithm has been applied in the solution of an industrial problem related to reactor runaway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-293
Number of pages11
JournalChemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly
Volume24
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Dynamical simulation
  • Mathematical modelling
  • Packed bed tubular reactor
  • Process safety time
  • Reactor runaway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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