Novel Formulation of the Gibbs-Energy Change in Terms of Stoichiometrically Unique Response Reactions

Ilie Fishtik, István Nagypál, Ivan Gutman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


The equation for the change of Gibbs energy in complex chemical systems is reformulated in terms of the newly conceived response reactions (RERs). The present formulation has the remarkable property of being unique: the composition of the species unequivocally determines the response reactions and via them the change of the Gibbs energy of the system. Furthermore, it enables one to reinterpret and rationalize some basic concepts of chemical thermodynamics, as coupling between reactions, sensitivity coefficients, etc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079-1083
Number of pages5
JournalZeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section A Journal of Physical Sciences
Issue number10-11
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996



  • Chemical thermodynamics
  • Response reactions
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Thermodynamic coupling (of chemical reactions)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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