Novel dating method to distinguish between forensic and archeological human skeletal remains by bone mineralization indexes

Zoltan Patonai, Gabor Maasz, Peter Avar, Janos Schmidt, Tamas Lorand, Istvan Bajnoczky, Laszlo Mark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fast, high-throughput distinction between paleoanthropological remains and recent forensic/clinical bone samples is of vital importance in the field of medicolegal science. In this paper, a novel screening method has been described, using the crystallinity index (C.I.) and carbonate-phosphate index (C/P) as a means to distinguish between archeological and forensic anthropological skeletal findings. According to the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses, the archeological bone samples are characterized by a range of C.I. between 2.84 and 3.78 and by low C/P values of 0.10-0.33, while the C.I. and C/P ranges of forensic skeletal remains are 2.55-3.18 and 0.38-0.88, respectively. Significant (p < 0.05) changes were observed in C/P as well as C.I. values between the groups of forensic and archeological skeletal samples. The suggested dating method needs only a few milligramms of bone tissue; thus, it can be extremely useful for distiguishing ancient and recent bone fragments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-533
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Legal Medicine
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Crystallinity index
  • Dating
  • FT-IR spectroscopy
  • Mineral composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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