Norfluoxetine is the most important active metabolite of the widely used antidepressant fluoxetine but little is known about its pharmacological actions. In this study the anticonvulsant actions of norfluoxetine and fluoxetine were studied and compared to those of phenytoin and clonazepam in pentylenetetrazol-induced mouse epilepsy models. Pretreatment with fluoxetine or norfluoxetine (20 mg/kg s.c.), as well as phenytoin (30 mg/kg s.c.) and clonazepam (0.1 mg/kg s.c.) significantly increased both the rate and duration of survival, demonstrating a significant protective effect against pentylenetetrazol-induced epilepsy. These effects of norfluoxetine were similar to those of fluoxetine. According to the calculated combined protection scores, both norfluoxetine and fluoxetine were effective from the concentration of 10 mg/kg, while the highest protective action was observed with clonazepam. Effects of norfluoxetine and fluoxetine on voltage-gated Ca2+ channels were evaluated by measuring peak Ba2+ current flowing through the Ca 2+ channels upon depolarization using whole cell voltage clamp in enzymatically isolated rat cochlear neurons. The current was reduced equally in a concentration-dependent manner by norfluoxetine (EC50 = 20.4 ± 2.7 μM, Hill coefficient = 0.86 ± 0.1) and fluoxetine (EC50 = 22.3 ± 3.6 μM, Hill coefficient = 0.87 ± 0.1). It was concluded that the efficacy of the two compounds in neuronal tissues was equal, either in preventing seizure activity or in blocking the neuronal Ca2+ channels.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 30 2005|
- Neuronal Ca currents
- Voltage clamp
ASJC Scopus subject areas