Nonylphenol, octylphenol, and bisphenol-A in the aquatic environment: A review on occurrence, fate, and treatment

Virender K. Sharma, George A.K. Anquandah, Ria A. Yngard, Hynook Kim, Jeno Fekete, Karel Bouzek, Ajay K. Ray, Dmitriy Golovko

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews the current knowledge on the occurrence, biodegradation, and photooxidation of nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), and bisphenol-A (BPA) in aquatic environment. Generally, the concentrations determined were 0.006-32.8, < 0.001-1.44, and 0.0005-4.0 μg L-1 for NP, OP, and BPA respectively in river waters worldwide. Anthropogenic activities that can lead to run-off and storm water discharge may contribute to such concentrations in rivers. Pathways for biodegradation of NP and BPA appear to be similar. The influence of ferric ions, oxalate, hydrogen peroxide, and dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the photooxidation of NP and BPA in natural water is presented. Several techniques including nanofiltration, adsorption, sonochemical, photocatalytic, chlorination, ozonation, and ferrate(VI) oxidation for removals of NP, OP, and BPA are also reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-442
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • Bisphenol
  • Nonylphenol
  • Octylphenol
  • Rates
  • Ron(VI)
  • Water
  • pH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

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