Nonlinear effects of electrolyte diodes and transistors in a polymer gel medium

L. Hegedûs, Norbert Kirschner, M. Wittmann, L. P. Simon, Z. Noszticzius, Takashi Amemiya, Takao Ohmori, Tomohiko Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The polarization curve of an acid-base interface in a hydrogel medium has a diode characteristic. Two of each such electrolyte diodes can be combined to give an electrolyte transistor. When a salt is added to the alkaline or to the acidic part of a reverse biased electrolyte diode, the current response is highly nonlinear. If the salt is added to the acidic side, even bistability can be observed. This bistability can generate complex oscillations in a base-acid-base electrolyte transistor. These nonlinear effects are studied experimentally and theoretically. While the nonlinear salt effect can be explained with the Nernst-Planck equations, to understand the bistable behavior further investigations are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-297
Number of pages15
JournalChaos
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

Fingerprint

Nonlinear Effects
Electrolyte
Diode
Transistors
Diodes
transistors
Polymers
Gels
diodes
Electrolytes
Salt
electrolytes
gels
Bistability
polymers
Salts
salts
Hydrogel
acids
Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Cite this

Nonlinear effects of electrolyte diodes and transistors in a polymer gel medium. / Hegedûs, L.; Kirschner, Norbert; Wittmann, M.; Simon, L. P.; Noszticzius, Z.; Amemiya, Takashi; Ohmori, Takao; Yamaguchi, Tomohiko.

In: Chaos, Vol. 9, No. 2, 06.1999, p. 283-297.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hegedûs, L, Kirschner, N, Wittmann, M, Simon, LP, Noszticzius, Z, Amemiya, T, Ohmori, T & Yamaguchi, T 1999, 'Nonlinear effects of electrolyte diodes and transistors in a polymer gel medium', Chaos, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 283-297.
Hegedûs, L. ; Kirschner, Norbert ; Wittmann, M. ; Simon, L. P. ; Noszticzius, Z. ; Amemiya, Takashi ; Ohmori, Takao ; Yamaguchi, Tomohiko. / Nonlinear effects of electrolyte diodes and transistors in a polymer gel medium. In: Chaos. 1999 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 283-297.
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