We discuss the nonequilibrium time evolution of the phase field in the sine-Gordon model using two very different approaches: the truncated Wigner approximation and the truncated conformal space approach. We demonstrate that the two approaches agree for a period covering the first few oscillations, thereby giving a solid theoretical prediction in the framework of the sine-Gordon model, which is thought to describe the dynamics of two bosonic condensates in quasi-one-dimensional traps coupled via a Josephson tunneling term. We conclude, however, that the recently observed phase-locking behavior cannot be explained in terms of homogeneous sine-Gordon dynamics, which hints at the role of other degrees of freedom or inhomogeneity in the experimental system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics