The effect of different mixing protocols on the bulk and surface properties of the aqueous mixtures of linear poly(vinylamine) (PVAm) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated using pH, electrophoretic mobility, dynamic light scattering, coagulation kinetics, and surface tension measurements. For the preparation of the solutions, two kinds of mixing protocols were applied. The so-called "stop flow mixing" enables a very rapid mixing whereas in the case of "gentle mixing" the mixing of the components is less efficient. At high surfactant concentrations a kinetically stable colloid dispersion of the PVAm/SDS particles is formed via the application of the stop flow mixing method. The mixing protocols have a significant effect on the bulk properties of the PVAm/SDS system, in particular, at the low pH range and at large PVAm concentrations. The effect of mixing can be qualitatively understood in terms of the enhanced local rate of coagulation of the PVAm/SDS complexes as well as of the appearance of polyelectrolyte/surfactant aggregates via the application of a less efficient mixing. The study also reveals that the applied methods of solution preparation do not have a major impact on the bound amount of the surfactant as well as on the surface tension isotherms of the system. This latter finding is attributed to the hindered adsorption of the large polyelectrolyte/surfactant aggregates at the air/water interface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry