Nondestructive full-field imaging XANES-PEEM analysis of cosmic grains

P. Bernhard, J. Maul, T. Berg, F. Wegelin, U. Ott, Ch Sudek, H. Spiecker, G. Schönhense

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For chemical analysis of submicron particles, mass spectrometric methods have the disadvantage of being destructive. Thus, a nondestructive elemental and chemical mapping with a high spatial resolution prior to mass analysis is extremely valuable to precharacterize the sample. Here, first results are presented of combined XANES (x-ray absorption near-edge structure) and PEEM (photoemission electron microscopy) measurements on a cosmic grain fraction from the Murchison meteorite. This nondestructive full-field imaging method is well suited for a quantitative analysis and for a preselection prior to detailed mass spectrometric investigations with isotopic resolution/selectivity. A spectral unmixing algorithm helped to distinguish between elements in different binding surroundings and therefore to obtain lateral information about the elemental composition and the chemical structure. Individual Al2 O3 and Si O2 grains as well as Cr-rich grains could be identified among the majority of SiC grains. This method is suited not only for meteoritic material but can in general be applied to composite grain materials of submicron sizes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075401
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume74
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Photoemission
x ray absorption
Electron microscopy
electron microscopy
photoelectric emission
Imaging techniques
X rays
Chemical analysis
Meteorites
Murchison meteorite
particle mass
chemical analysis
quantitative analysis
spatial resolution
selectivity
Composite materials
composite materials
high resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Nondestructive full-field imaging XANES-PEEM analysis of cosmic grains. / Bernhard, P.; Maul, J.; Berg, T.; Wegelin, F.; Ott, U.; Sudek, Ch; Spiecker, H.; Schönhense, G.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 74, No. 7, 075401, 2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bernhard, P. ; Maul, J. ; Berg, T. ; Wegelin, F. ; Ott, U. ; Sudek, Ch ; Spiecker, H. ; Schönhense, G. / Nondestructive full-field imaging XANES-PEEM analysis of cosmic grains. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2006 ; Vol. 74, No. 7.
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