Non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching and structural rearrangements induced by low pH in intact cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae)

Reimund Goss, G. Garab

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have used circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and chlorophyll fluorescence induction measurements in order to examine low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of the chromophores and in the efficiency of non-photochemical quenching of the chlorophyll a fluorescence (NPQ) in intact, dark-adapted cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae). We found that: (i) high proton concentrations enhanced the formation of chiral macrodomains of the complexes, i.e. the formation of large aggregates with long-range chiral order of pigment dipoles; this was largely independent of the low-pH-induced accumulation of de-epoxidized xanthophylls; (ii) lowering the pH led to NPQ; however, efficient energy dissipation, in the absence of excess light, could only be achieved if a substantial part of violaxanthin was converted to zeaxanthin and antheraxanthin in Chlorella and Mantoniella, respectively; (iii) the low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of pigments were fully reversed by titrating the cells to neutral pH; (iv) at neutral pH, the presence of antheraxanthin or zeaxanthin did not bring about a sizeable NPQ. Hence, low-pH-induced NPQ in dark adapted algal cells appears to be associated both with the presence of de-epoxidized xanthophylls and structural changes in the chiral macrodomains. It is proposed that the macrodomains, by providing a suitable structure for long-distance migration of the excitation energy, in the presence of quenchers associated with de-epoxidized xanthophylls, facilitate significantly the dissipation of unused excitation energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-197
Number of pages13
JournalPhotosynthesis Research
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Xanthophylls
Chlorella
Chlorophyceae
Squamata
Chlorophyll
Quenching
Excitation energy
Fluorescence
fluorescence
chlorophyll
Pigments
Macros
xanthophylls
Circular dichroism spectroscopy
antheraxanthin
cells
Chromophores
zeaxanthin
Protons
Energy dissipation

Keywords

  • Chiral macrodomains
  • Circular dichroism
  • Light adaptation
  • Low-pH-induced fluorescence quenching
  • Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Structural flexibility
  • Xanthophyll cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

@article{4577f9ad1011492a8cbff836f52c269c,
title = "Non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching and structural rearrangements induced by low pH in intact cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae)",
abstract = "We have used circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and chlorophyll fluorescence induction measurements in order to examine low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of the chromophores and in the efficiency of non-photochemical quenching of the chlorophyll a fluorescence (NPQ) in intact, dark-adapted cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae). We found that: (i) high proton concentrations enhanced the formation of chiral macrodomains of the complexes, i.e. the formation of large aggregates with long-range chiral order of pigment dipoles; this was largely independent of the low-pH-induced accumulation of de-epoxidized xanthophylls; (ii) lowering the pH led to NPQ; however, efficient energy dissipation, in the absence of excess light, could only be achieved if a substantial part of violaxanthin was converted to zeaxanthin and antheraxanthin in Chlorella and Mantoniella, respectively; (iii) the low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of pigments were fully reversed by titrating the cells to neutral pH; (iv) at neutral pH, the presence of antheraxanthin or zeaxanthin did not bring about a sizeable NPQ. Hence, low-pH-induced NPQ in dark adapted algal cells appears to be associated both with the presence of de-epoxidized xanthophylls and structural changes in the chiral macrodomains. It is proposed that the macrodomains, by providing a suitable structure for long-distance migration of the excitation energy, in the presence of quenchers associated with de-epoxidized xanthophylls, facilitate significantly the dissipation of unused excitation energy.",
keywords = "Chiral macrodomains, Circular dichroism, Light adaptation, Low-pH-induced fluorescence quenching, Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence, Structural flexibility, Xanthophyll cycle",
author = "Reimund Goss and G. Garab",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1023/A:1010681511105",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "185--197",
journal = "Photosynthesis Research",
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T1 - Non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching and structural rearrangements induced by low pH in intact cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae)

AU - Goss, Reimund

AU - Garab, G.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - We have used circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and chlorophyll fluorescence induction measurements in order to examine low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of the chromophores and in the efficiency of non-photochemical quenching of the chlorophyll a fluorescence (NPQ) in intact, dark-adapted cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae). We found that: (i) high proton concentrations enhanced the formation of chiral macrodomains of the complexes, i.e. the formation of large aggregates with long-range chiral order of pigment dipoles; this was largely independent of the low-pH-induced accumulation of de-epoxidized xanthophylls; (ii) lowering the pH led to NPQ; however, efficient energy dissipation, in the absence of excess light, could only be achieved if a substantial part of violaxanthin was converted to zeaxanthin and antheraxanthin in Chlorella and Mantoniella, respectively; (iii) the low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of pigments were fully reversed by titrating the cells to neutral pH; (iv) at neutral pH, the presence of antheraxanthin or zeaxanthin did not bring about a sizeable NPQ. Hence, low-pH-induced NPQ in dark adapted algal cells appears to be associated both with the presence of de-epoxidized xanthophylls and structural changes in the chiral macrodomains. It is proposed that the macrodomains, by providing a suitable structure for long-distance migration of the excitation energy, in the presence of quenchers associated with de-epoxidized xanthophylls, facilitate significantly the dissipation of unused excitation energy.

AB - We have used circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and chlorophyll fluorescence induction measurements in order to examine low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of the chromophores and in the efficiency of non-photochemical quenching of the chlorophyll a fluorescence (NPQ) in intact, dark-adapted cells of Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyceae) and Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae). We found that: (i) high proton concentrations enhanced the formation of chiral macrodomains of the complexes, i.e. the formation of large aggregates with long-range chiral order of pigment dipoles; this was largely independent of the low-pH-induced accumulation of de-epoxidized xanthophylls; (ii) lowering the pH led to NPQ; however, efficient energy dissipation, in the absence of excess light, could only be achieved if a substantial part of violaxanthin was converted to zeaxanthin and antheraxanthin in Chlorella and Mantoniella, respectively; (iii) the low-pH-induced changes in the chiral macro-organization of pigments were fully reversed by titrating the cells to neutral pH; (iv) at neutral pH, the presence of antheraxanthin or zeaxanthin did not bring about a sizeable NPQ. Hence, low-pH-induced NPQ in dark adapted algal cells appears to be associated both with the presence of de-epoxidized xanthophylls and structural changes in the chiral macrodomains. It is proposed that the macrodomains, by providing a suitable structure for long-distance migration of the excitation energy, in the presence of quenchers associated with de-epoxidized xanthophylls, facilitate significantly the dissipation of unused excitation energy.

KW - Chiral macrodomains

KW - Circular dichroism

KW - Light adaptation

KW - Low-pH-induced fluorescence quenching

KW - Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence

KW - Structural flexibility

KW - Xanthophyll cycle

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U2 - 10.1023/A:1010681511105

DO - 10.1023/A:1010681511105

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JO - Photosynthesis Research

JF - Photosynthesis Research

SN - 0166-8595

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