A 2-es típusú cukorbetegség és a metabolikus szindróma nem gyógyszeres kezelése

Translated title of the contribution: Non-pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome are important risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Both diseases present with a similar set of metabolic disturbances including hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidaemia, hypertension and obesity. Therefore, their non-pharmacological treatment is based on similar principles. Medical nutritional therapy aims to promote moderate weight loss through decreased energy intake, and to correct metabolic disturbances by ensuring appropriate composition of micro- and macronutrients. In a healthy diet, carbohydrates and cis-fatty acids make up approximately 60 to 70% of total energy intake. It is important to reduce the intake of saturated fatty acids and trans-fatty acids. The consumption of foods with low glycaemic index may be beneficial for diabetic patients. The increase of physical activity (both aerob and resistance exercise) is useful in maintaining weight loss, and it also improves blood lipid levels and blood pressure. Abandonment of smoking results in significant cardiovascular risk reduction. Lifestyle changes should include all of the above factors in order to achieve most reduction in morbidity and mortality associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)543-550
Number of pages8
JournalLege Artis Medicinae
Volume16
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Fingerprint

NSC 153174
Energy Intake
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Weight Loss
Fatty Acids
Exercise
Trans Fatty Acids
Morbidity
Glycemic Index
Mortality
Micronutrients
Risk Reduction Behavior
Hyperlipidemias
Hyperglycemia
Life Style
Obesity
Smoking
Carbohydrates
Blood Pressure
Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A 2-es típusú cukorbetegség és a metabolikus szindróma nem gyógyszeres kezelése. / Tabák, A.

In: Lege Artis Medicinae, Vol. 16, No. 6, 06.2006, p. 543-550.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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